History of Cosmetic and Plastic SurgeryHistory of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery

Cosmetic surgery is a surgical specialized including the restoration, restoration, or change of the body. It can be divided into two main categories: plastic surgery and cosmetic surgical treatment. Plastic surgery consists of craniofacial surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns. While cosmetic surgery aims to rebuild a part of the body or enhance its functioning, cosmetic (or aesthetic) surgery targets at enhancing the look of it.

The word plastic in cosmetic surgery suggests ‘improving’ and comes from the Greek (), plastik (tekhn), “the art of modelling” of flexible flesh. This meaning in English is viewed as early as 1598. The surgical meaning of “plastic” first appeared in 1839, preceding the contemporary “engineering product made from petroleum” sense by 70 years.

Plastic surgery techniques were being brought out in India by 800 BC. Sushruta was a physician who made important contributions to the field of plastic and cataract surgical treatment in 6th century BC. The medical works of both Sushruta and Charaka, initially in Sanskrit, were translated into the Arabic language throughout the Abbasid Caliphate in 750 AD.

In Italy, the Branca family of Sicily and Gaspare Tagliacozzi (Bologna) became acquainted with the strategies of Sushruta. Statue of Sushruta, the Dad of Cosmetic Surgery, at Haridwar British doctors traveled to India to see nose jobs being performed by Indian methods. Reports on Indian nose job carried out by a Kumhar Vaidya were released in the by 1794.

Plastic Surgery Comes To The Western World

Carpue was able to carry out the first major surgery in the Western world in the year of 1815. Instruments explained in the were further modified in the Western world. The Roman scholar Aulus Cornelius Celsus taped surgical strategies, consisting of cosmetic surgery, in the first century AD. The Romans likewise performed plastic surgery.

For religious factors, they did not dissect either humans or animals, therefore their understanding was based in its whole on the texts of their Greek predecessors. Notwithstanding, Aulus Cornelius Celsus left some remarkably accurate physiological descriptions, some of which for example, his research studies on the genitalia and the skeleton are of unique interest to plastic surgical treatment.